Attica Region

The Attica Region of Greece

Attica Cuisine

Where is the Attica Region of Greece?

The Attica Region of Greece is the most populated of all the 13 regions.

This region is bordered by the Central Region to the north and east; the Cyclades islands to the southeast; the Aegean Sea to the south; the Peloponnese Region to the southwest; and the Gulf of Corinth to the west.

The country’s capital, Athens, is the most populated city in all of Greece. It is also one of the oldest cities in the world!

The main cities within the Attica region are: Athens, Eleusis, Laurium, Marathon, and Megara.

Also included is a very small section of the Peloponnese peninsula (near Troezen), as well as the islands of Kythira and Antikythira (found on the southernmost tip of the Peloponnese peninsula).

Interesting to note that Kythira and Antikythira are traditionally listed as belonging to the Ionian Islands, however, administratively they belong to the Attica region.

And let’s not forget to mention the beautiful Saronic Islands which also belong to this region. They lie off the northeastern tip of the Peloponnese peninsula and are only about an hour from the mainland by ferry – a quick getaway for Athenians.

The Saronic Islands are: Aegina; Agistri; Dokos; Hydra; Poros; Salamis; and Spetses.

What does the Attica Region have to offer?

There are two airports:
– Athens (international airport)
– Kythira (domestic)

And four ports:
– Piraeus (the country’s main commercial hub)
– Rafina
– Lavrion
– Agia Marina

Agriculture
Olives and Olive Oil; Wheat; Honey; Fruits; Vegetables; Herbs; Spices; Wine; Wineries

Attica Region Cuisine
The cuisine of the Attica region, and all of Greece for that matter, has evolved and been influenced by Middle Eastern, Ottoman, and Italian cuisines and from neighbouring countries to the north.

The typical Greek diet consists of: olives, olive oil, cheese, yogurt, nuts, honey, fruits, vegetables, greens, herbs, grains, fish, poultry, meat, and wine. 

Some of the dishes still made today have originated from ancient Greece (pasteli, fasolada, lentil soup); the Byzantine period (feta cheese, avgotaraho, paximadi); and the Hellenistic and Roman periods (loukaniko).

Attica Region Restaurants
Eating out is very common all over Greece, especially in Athens. Tavernas and estiatorios (restaurants) serve home cooking at affordable prices to both locals and tourists. 

Mainland: Athens Restaurants; Piraeus Restaurants; Marathon Restaurants; Elefsina Restaurants; Lavrion Restaurants; Megara Restaurants

Islands: Aegina Restaurants; Agistri Restaurants; Hydra Restaurants; Poros Restaurants; Salamis Restaurants; Spetses Restaurants; Kythira Restaurants

Beaches
The Attica Region of Greece is surrounded by sea, so it’s not surprising that there are beautiful beaches to explore and enjoy. Whether you’re looking for organized beaches or secluded little coves, there are plenty.

Keep in mind that the beaches closest to Athens are the busiest – some of them even have an entrance fee (such as Vouliagmeni which is only 21.6 km/13.4 miles from Athens airport, and Varzika 20.2 km/12.5 miles from Athens airport).

Some other popular beaches in this area are: Schinias Beach; Loutsa Beach; Voula Beach; Kavouri Beach; Alimos Beach; Glyfada Beach; Lomvarda Beach; and Cape Sounion Beach.

The Saronic islands have their own unique feel and offer many beaches for both locals and visitors to explore:
Aegina Island Beaches; Agistri Island Beaches; Hydra Island Beaches; Poros Island Beaches; Salamis Island Beaches; Spetses Island Beaches; Kythira Island Beaches

Modern Athens
Athens is a large cosmopolitan city and one of the biggest economic and financial centres in southeastern Europe. It is a transport hub for air, rail, roads, and boats. Interestingly, the Piraeus port is the largest passenger port in Europe and the second largest in the world.

Athens has three universities, seventeen accredited foreign archaeological institutes, an abundance of cultural events, art galleries and museums (including the National Archaeological Museum), and a world-renowned tourist centre. It is also home to two UNESCO World Heritage Sites – there are 18 total in all of Greece.

In 1896, Athens was the host city of the first modern-day Olympic Games. In 2004, Athens hosted the Summer Olympics, making it one of the few cities to have hosted the Olympics more than once.

Athens Neighbourhoods
The neighbourhoods of Athens are eclectic and have a lot to offer. Two of the most popular are Monastiraki and the Plaka:

  • Monastiraki is close to the Acropolis and is known for its landmarks that include Hadrian’s Library, the Ancient Agora, and the Stoa of Attalos. It is also known for its market – a mix of shops that sell t-shirts, sandals, trinkets, icons, jewelry – you name it, they sell it. Traditional tavernas and restaurants are also plentiful.
  • The Plaka is located right under the Acropolis, and arguably the nicest and most picturesque area of Athens. It consists of narrow streets, neoclassical buildings, ancient ruins, and Byzantine temples. Anafiotika, a small part of the Plaka, is built according to typical Cycladic architecture and island flair, with white walls, overflowing bougainvillea flowers, and narrow walkways. It is very popular with tourists, but still an ideal place to enjoy a stroll, or have an iced coffee or a meal.

Ancient Athens
Named after the Greek goddess Athena, Athens is considered to be one of the oldest and greatest cities in the world. Evidence of habitation dates back as far as 5000 BCE. It was the centre of Ancient Greek civilization, and the birthplace of democracy.

During the golden age, there were many great writers, philosophers, and artists in Athens:
Herodotus, the ‘father of history’
Socrates, the ‘father of philosophy’
Hippocrates, ‘the father of medicine’
Phidias, sculptor for the Parthenon and the Temple of Zeus
Democritus, a philosopher that proposed an atomic universe
Aeschylus, EuripedesAristophanes, Sophocles; Greek tragedy and Greek comedy 
Pindar, a lyric poet, wrote his Odes
Plato founded his Platonic Academy outside the walls of Athens in 385 BCE
Aristotle founded the Lyceum in the city center

The Acropolis
The Acropolis in Athens can be found in the heart of the city. This 100m steep-sided and flat-topped citadel is the highest point of the city. It was once fortified with Cyclopean walls (which you can still see parts of) that sheltered the buildings within.

The Acropolis is home to:
– the Parthenon (Athena’s temple)
– the Erechtheion (a temple dedicated to both Athena and Poseidon)
– the Porch of the Maidens, or karyatides (the porch of the Erechtheion)
– the Temple of Athena Nike (the smallest structure)
– the Propylaia (the entrance to the Acropolis of Athens)
– the Theatre of Dionysos (on the south slope of the Acropolis)
– the Horodes Atticus Theatre (on the southwest slope of the Acropolis)

There is now a 3-kilometre pedestrian walkway—the largest in Europe – that unifies the archaeological sites of Athens and offers visitors an amazing perspective of ancient Athens.

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See some of our Attica region recipes here.
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