Where is the Attica Region of Greece?
The Attica region is a historical and administrative region located in the eastern part of mainland Greece. It encompasses the capital city of Athens and its surrounding suburbs, as well as nearby coastal areas.
Attica is known for its rich cultural and historical heritage, including the Acropolis, the Parthenon, and other ancient monuments. It is also an important center for business and commerce in Greece.
The Attica Region of Greece is the most populated of all the 13 regions.
This region is bordered by the Central Region to the north and east; the Cyclades islands to the southeast; the Aegean Sea to the south; the Peloponnese Region to the southwest; and the Gulf of Corinth to the west.
The country’s capital, Athens, is the most populated city in all of Greece. It is also one of the oldest cities in the world!
Interesting to note that Kythira and Antikythira are traditionally listed as belonging to the Ionian Islands, however, administratively they belong to the Attica region.
And let’s not forget to mention the beautiful Saronic Islands which also belong to this region. They lie off the northeastern tip of the Peloponnese peninsula and are only about an hour from the mainland by ferry – a quick getaway for Athenians.
What does the Attica Region have to offer?
- Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport (ATH)
The Attica region of Greece is home to the main international airport serving Athens, which is called Eleftherios Venizelos International Airport (ATH). It is located about 20 km east of Athens city center and is the busiest airport in Greece, offering domestic and international flights to destinations all over the world.
- Tanagra Airport
In addition to ATH, there is also a small regional airport called Tanagra Airport, which is located about 60 km north of Athens and primarily serves private and military aircraft.
- Piraeus Port: The largest port in Greece, located in the suburbs of Athens. It is the main port for ferry and cruise ship traffic to the Greek islands.
- Rafina Port: Located about 25 km east of Athens, Rafina is a major port for ferry traffic to the nearby Aegean islands.
- Lavrion Port: Located about 50 km southeast of Athens, Lavrion is a small port used mainly for shipping minerals and other goods.
- Zea Marina: Located in Piraeus, Zea Marina is a recreational marina for yachts and smaller boats. It is also used as a departure point for some island-hopping boat tours.
The Attica region of Greece is a diverse area with a variety of agriculture practices. Agriculture plays an important role in the economy and culture of this region. Some of the most common types of agriculture include:
- Olive farming: Olive trees are a staple of the Greek landscape and are grown for their oil, which is used in cooking and cosmetics.
- Vineyard cultivation: The Attica region is known for its wine production, with vineyards producing both red and white wines (Wines and Wineries).
- Fruit farming: Fruits such as peaches, plums, and apricots are grown in the region, as well as citrus fruits like oranges and lemons.
- Vegetable farming: A wide variety of vegetables, such as tomatoes, peppers, eggplants, and cucumbers, are grown in the fertile soil of the region.
- Livestock farming: Sheep and goats are raised in the region for their milk, cheese, and meat.
Attica Region Cuisine
The cuisine of the Attica region of Greece is characterized by its use of fresh, seasonal ingredients, as well as its rich culinary heritage as well as its geographic location at the crossroads of Europe, Asia, and Africa. Some of the dishes still made today have originated from ancient Greece (pasteli, fasolada, lentil soup); the Byzantine period (feta cheese, avgotaraho, paximadi); and the Hellenistic and Roman periods (loukaniko).
Attica Region Beaches
The Attica Region of Greece is surrounded by sea, so it’s not surprising that there are beautiful beaches to explore and enjoy with a range of options to suit different preferences. Whether you’re looking for organized beaches or secluded little coves, there are plenty.
Some of the most popular beaches in the region include:
- Vouliagmeni Beach: A well-known and popular beach located in the suburb of Vouliagmeni (there is an entrance fee), offering clear waters, sun loungers, and restaurants – 21.6 km/13.4 miles from Athens airport.
- Varkiza Beach: A long sandy beach located in the suburb of Varkiza (there is an entrance fee), with a lively atmosphere and a range of water sports available – 20.2 km/12.5 miles from Athens airport.
- Astir Beach: A high-end beach located in the suburb of Vouliagmeni, offering a range of facilities and activities such as sun loungers, restaurants, and a water park.
- Schinias Beach: A sandy beach located in the suburb of Marathon, known for its clear waters and windsurfing opportunities.
- Legrena Beach: A peaceful beach located in the suburb of Legrena, with shallow waters ideal for families with young children.
The Saronic Islands are some of the closest islands to Athens and are popular tourist destinations, offering a range of activities and attractions. They have their own unique feel and offer many beaches for both locals and visitors to explore:
- Aegina Island Beaches
- Agistri Island Beaches
- Hydra Island Beaches
- Poros Island Beaches
- Salamis Island Beaches
- Spetses Island Beaches
- Kythira Island Beaches
The Modern City of Athens
Athens is a large cosmopolitan city and one of the biggest economic and financial centres in southeastern Europe. It is a transport hub for air, rail, roads, and boats. Interestingly, the Piraeus port is the largest passenger port in Europe and the second largest in the world.
Athens has three universities, seventeen accredited foreign archaeological institutes, an abundance of cultural events, art galleries and museums (including the National Archaeological Museum), and a world-renowned tourist centre. It is also home to two UNESCO World Heritage Sites – there are 18 total in all of Greece.
In 1896, Athens was the host city of the first modern-day Olympic Games. In 2004, Athens hosted the Summer Olympics, making it one of the few cities to have hosted the Olympics more than once.
The Neighborhoods of Athens
The neighborhoods of Athens are eclectic and have a lot to offer, each with its own unique character and charm. Whether you’re interested in history, culture, shopping, or nightlife, there is a neighborhood in Athens that is sure to suit your interests.
Named after the Greek goddess Athena, Athens is considered to be one of the oldest and greatest cities in the world. Evidence of habitation dates back as far as 5000 BCE. It was the centre of Ancient Greek civilization, and the birthplace of democracy.
The ancient part of Athens, Greece is characterized by its rich history and cultural heritage. It is home to many famous landmarks and archaeological sites, including the Acropolis, a hilltop fortress that contains the remains of several ancient structures, including the Parthenon temple. The Agora, a public square and marketplace, was the center of political, commercial, and social activity in ancient Athens. The theater of Dionysus, the first theater in the world, is also located in the ancient part of Athens and was used for performances of Greek dramas.
The ancient part of Athens offers a glimpse into the past and provides a unique perspective on the history and cultural heritage of Greece.
During the golden age, there were many great writers, philosophers, and artists in Athens:
- Herodotus, the ‘father of history’
- Socrates, the ‘father of philosophy’
- Hippocrates, ‘the father of medicine’
- Phidias, sculptor for the Parthenon and the Temple of Zeus
- Democritus, a philosopher that proposed an atomic universe
- Aeschylus, Euripedes, Aristophanes, Sophocles; Greek tragedy and Greek comedy
- Pindar, a lyric poet, wrote his Odes
- Plato founded his Platonic Academy outside the walls of Athens in 385 BCE
- Aristotle founded the Lyceum in the city center
The Acropolis in Athens can be found in the heart of the city. This 100m steep-sided and flat-topped citadel is the highest point of the city. It was once fortified with Cyclopean walls (which you can still see parts of) that sheltered the buildings within.
The Acropolis is home to the:
- Parthenon (Athena’s temple)
- Erechtheion (a temple dedicated to both Athena and Poseidon)
- Porch of the Maidens, or karyatides (the porch of the Erechtheion)
- Temple of Athena Nike (the smallest structure)
- Propylaia (the entrance to the Acropolis of Athens)
- Theatre of Dionysos (on the south slope of the Acropolis)
- Horodes Atticus Theatre (on the southwest slope of the Acropolis)
The Archaeological Promenade of Athens
There is now a 3-kilometre pedestrian walkway—the largest in Europe – that unifies the archaeological sites of Athens and offers visitors an amazing perspective of ancient Athens.
The Archaeological Promenade of Athens is a project aimed at unifying various ancient sites in Athens through a pedestrian walkway. The goal is to provide visitors with an easy and accessible way to visit and explore these important cultural landmarks. Some of the notable sites included in the promenade are the Acropolis, the ancient Agora, and the Kerameikos archaeological site.